Complete Information on what are HCG Levels and What They Mean

hcg levels

The following information is simply an overview of how the HCG hormone corresponds to various stages of life for males and females and what varying levels might signify.  This is not meant to take the place of a medical professional’s opinion. Especially for women during their blighted ovum hcg levels.

A Look at HCG’s Function and Implications in Men

The Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hormone or HCG is a vital mechanism in the sexual development both adolescent males and females. For the boys, HCG facilitates the production of testosterone, which affects not just the physique but also facilitates the deepening of the voice, growth of facial hair and other changes that a youngster experiences upon the onset of puberty.  The HCG hormone is actually a luteinizing hormone that starts up these alterations in this phase of a boy’s life, but even during puberty, this substance remains at undetectable levels in the bloodstream, which is quite normal.

The Hormone’s Function and Implications for Women

Women, likewise, hold undetectable levels of the hormone even during the start of puberty, which again, is quite normal.  Nonetheless, HCG also has a luteinizing function in relation to progesterone and estrogen production.  Both of these hormones play important roles not just during the development of outward physical changes but also in regulating the menstrual cycle throughout adulthood until after menopause when the levels fall to less than 9.5 mIU/ml.  The most common reason why HCG would rise at all for women is during pregnancy when its primary purpose is to protect a developing embryo and later on, a developing baby in the womb by suppressing the body’s immune reaction and preventing miscarriage—given that sufficient levels are present during the first and second trimesters.

The monitoring of levels of HCG is primarily left in the hands of a healthcare provider who can order qualitative and quantitative blood tests or urine tests from a hospital or clinical lab.  To be more exact, the amount of HCG in a person’s system would have to be fairly high to show up in a urine analysis, and this mostly applies to women in the situation of taking a pregnancy test either at a doctor’s office or clinic or at home using an over-the-counter product.  For men, the levels would have be checked via blood test, and a high reading would not point toward anything that would be positively anticipated since HCG is normally looked upon as a tumor marker in lab results. (This actually applies to both genders, as well.) Normal hcg levels might vary low or high for men at zero to five; therefore, levels that are considerably higher will alert a healthcare provider to start looking into possibilities of testicular, pancreatic, or prostate cancer.  The reason why HCG levels play such a key role in these types of lab readings is because the tumor(s) themselves emit the hormone into the system, thus prompting the need to for CT or PET scan to confirm the presence of any malignancy.

What Varying Levels Signify for Women

For women, the presence of elevated HCG levels in pregnancy can run the gamut of good or bad news.  As noted earlier, this hormone is detectable by a urine test that is administered at home or at the office of an OB/Gyn.  At this point, two or more weeks after conception, the HCG levels would range between 20 to 100 mIU/ml.  In a blood test (qualitative or quantitative) however, hcg quant levels as low as five can show up even just days after conception, since the formation of the blastocyst immediately triggers an increase in HCG production.

Beyond receiving a positive pregnancy result, HGC levels by week are then monitored to keep watch for multiples or complications.  Since the level normally starts to double between 48 to 72 hours after conception, then either an extremely slow increase or no increase prompts extra testing via blood draw and ultrasound due to the possibility of after hcg levels after miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.  In contrast, a major increase during pregnancy can be a sign of multiples. You can see how these levels increases especially from day-to-day to 4 weeks, 5 weeks, 6 weeks and so on.

The following information contains a general over of the HCG level in a multiple pregnancy:

  • 28 Days from LMP (last menstrual period): 9.5 to 120 mIU/ml
  • 33 Days from LMP: 200 to 1800 mIU/ml
  • 36 Days from LMP: 2400 to 36,000 mIU/ml
  • 40 Days from LMP: 8700 to 108,000 mIU/ml
  • 45 Days from LMP: 72,000 to 180,000 mIU/ml
  • 70 Days from LMP: 348,000 to 480,000 mIU/ml

The last three measurements are nearly double compared to the levels for a singleton pregnancy as one can see from the following:

  • 28 Days from LMP: 9.4 to 120 mIU/ml
  • 33 Days from LMP: 300 to 600 mIU/ml
  • 36 Days from LMP: 1200 to 1800 mIU/ml
  • 40 Days from LMP: 2400 to 4800 mIU/ml
  • 45 Days from LMP: 12,000 to 60,000 mIU/ml
  • 70 Days from LMP: 96,000 to 144,000 mIU/ml

Also, on an important note, HCG is also a tumor marker for woman, just like it is for men.  Only, an elevated level in a woman who is found not to be pregnant, could suggest further testing for ovarian or pancreatic cancer.  If pregnant, another condition to watch for is quite rare, and that is choriocarcinoma which is a malignant tumor that develops in the uterus during pregnancy. Also the above hcg levels chart indicators might increase or remain the same for twins, actually it depends on the strength of the pregnant women.

When Considering Measuring and Monitoring Levels While Dieting

Looking at these possible indications in what lab or over-the-counter test results would signal requires some attention, especially if one is currently taking an HCG supplement specifically for dietary and weight loss purposes.  The main rationale behind monitoring would be to check for any of the health issues or conditions mentioned above during the phases of HCG diet whether you’re supplementing via injection or oral drops.  For example, while the HCG supplement does not cause any of the health issues that are previously mentioned, if a high risk or a family history exists, then visiting with a healthcare provider would be prudent.  For women who think they might become pregnant during the course of the diet can utilize over-the-counter urine tests or check with their gynecologists or even put off dieting for a bit longer, depending on circumstance.  In contrast, men cannot rely on the over-the-counter tests during the phases of the HCG diet or even while treatment of testicular or testosterone issues that might accompany steroid use.  (Chances are that the HCG would not be detected.)  Instead, an ideal option, if they have questions or concerns about any side effects or health issues, is to visit with their family doctor and/or urologist. For men, a blood test might be the only accurate hcg levels calculator of measuring, and a healthcare provider can order this type of lab work.